Tax inclusive value = Tax free value + Tax value (Sales tax or VAT depending on the country)
How to calculate Tax inclusive value (how to add tax to the value without tax)
- Tax inclusive value = Tax free value + Tax value
- Tax value = Tax% × Tax free value
- Tax inclusive value = Tax free value + Tax% × Tax free value = (1 + Tax%) × Tax free value
- In conclusion:
Tax inclusive value = (1 + Tax%) × Tax free value ... if we know the Tax free value
Tax free value = Tax inclusive value ÷ (1 + Tax%) ... if we know the Tax inclusive value
Examples of tax adding calculations:
- If Tax rate is 19%, (1 + Tax%) = 1 + 19% = 100/100 + 19/100 = 119/100 = 1.19 => Tax included value = 1.19 × Tax free value, and Tax free value = Tax included value ÷ 1.19;
- If Tax rate is 9%, (1 + Tax%) = 1 + 9% = 100/100 + 9/100 = 109/100 = 1.09 => Tax included value = 1.09 × Tax free value, and Tax free value = Tax included value ÷ 1.09;
- If Tax rate is 5%, (1 + Tax%) = 1 + 5% = 100/100 + 5/100 = 105/100 = 1.05 => Tax included value = 1.05 × Tax free value, and Tax free value = Tax included value ÷ 1.05;
- If TAX rate was 120%, (1 + Tax%) = 1 + 120% = 100/100 + 120/100 = 220/100 = 2.2 => Tax included value = 2.2 × Tax free value, and Tax free value = Tax included value ÷ 2.2.
A sales tax is a consumption tax imposed by the government on the sale of goods and services. The sales tax is paid by the consumer to the retailer, as a percentage of the retail cost, who transfers the payment to the state.
For example, if a person purchases a TV set for $500 and lives in an area where the sales tax is 5%, you can calculate that this person would pay $25 in sales tax. Total bill would be in the end $525.
In another example, let's say that a farmer sells apples to a company that produces cider. To avoid paying the sales tax, the cider maker must obtain a resale certificate from the government saying that it is not the end user. The cider maker then sells its product on to a retail store, which will charge the customer sales tax along with the price of cider.
VAT (Value Added Tax)
VAT is a tax charged of each economic agent involved in the business cycle of manufacturing of a product or providing a service within the scope of taxation. VAT, charged by the operators, is transferred to the state budget.
Value-added tax (VAT) is charged as a percentage of the value added at every level of production of a good. In the fuzzy apples example above, the cider maker would pay a percentage of the difference between what they charge for cider and what they pay for apples. Put differently; this is a tax on company's gross margins, rather than just the end user.
There are standard VAT rates in effect, for example the standard VAT rate could be 19%, and some reduced rates could be 9% and 5% respectively, but they depend on each country.